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By the Numbers

Featuring brief segments of economic analysis from our senior economist Michael Bazdarich, PhD.

The economic analysis we previously featured in By the Numbers is now available on the Western Asset Blog. This page will no longer be updated.

December Retail Sales End 2016 on a Soggy Note

The mantra on Wall Street is that the US economy has picked up steam in the last few months, but you wouldn’t know it from the recent marquee indicators. As reported here a week ago, December payroll jobs continued a string of softer job growth numbers and retail sales logged in similarly soft today. Yes, headline sales rose a nice 0.6% on top of 0.1% upward revision to December. However, strip away cars, gasoline, and building materials, and so-called “control” retail sales were essentially flat, with no revision to November.

Cars, gasoline and building materials are excluded from control sales not only because sales of these items go to businesses as much as to households (our focus is on consumer demand), but also because of their extreme short-term volatility. Gasoline sales were up mostly on a bounce in gas prices, following two years of declines. Car sales were up on Christmas promotional deals, and, for most consumers, cars are purchased with little cash up front and lots of monthly payments down the road.

For the items in control sales, cash is generally paid either up front or next month, when the credit card bill comes in, and for these items, again, sales were flat in December. Also, as seen in the chart, for the last six months, the annualized growth rate has been a mere 2%. Now, it is true that the recent sogginess in control sales growth comes after strong growth early last year and in 2015. So, we don’t mean to assert that consumer spending is weak.

In the what-have-you-done-for-me-lately world of the financial markets, though, recent growth rates are what drive securities prices, and on this score, non-auto retail sales have been disappointing. However, this merely jibes with the slower income growth households have experienced recently from the slower growth in jobs.

In terms of store types, recent sales have been soft at electronics, book/sporting goods, furniture and department stores, better at car dealers, and steady for other sectors. In case you are wondering, toys are included in the book/sporting goods sector. For that other Christmas staple, apparel, sales continued flat, as they have for the last two years.

Retail Sales Trends
Retail Sales Trends
Source: Census Bureau. As of 31 Dec 16. “Control” retail sales is total sales less vehicle dealers, service stations and building materials stores.

Michael Bazdarich

Product Specialist/Economist

Mike brings more than 45 years of experience to his position. "By the Numbers" will address economic data releases that are pertinent to a broad range of investors.

Prior to joining the Firm in 2005, Mike ran his own consulting firm, MB Economics. He earned his PhD in Economics at the University of Chicago.

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